The surgical replacement of a damaged hip joint with an artificial joint made up of plastic and metal components is called as hip replacement. It is mostly done when all other treatment options fail to provide the adequate pain relief. This procedure will help in relieving a painful hip joint. This surgery also helps in making day to day activities more easier.
What Happens During Hip Replacement Surgery?
Hip replacement surgery can be performed traditionally or by using a minimally-invasive technique. The main difference between these two procedures is the size of the incision.
During the standard hip replacement surgery, the patient is administered with general anesthesia to relax the muscles. This will prevent the feeling of any pain during the surgery or have any awareness of the procedure. The doctor will then make a cut along the side of the hip and move the muscles connected to the top of the thighbone to expose the hip joint. The thighbone is cut with the help of a saw and the ball portion of the joint is removed. Then an artificial joint is attached to the thighbone using either cement or a special material that allows the remaining bone to attach to the new joint.
The damaged cartilage is removed by the doctor to keep the surface of the hip bone ready. Later, the replacement socket part to the hip bone is attached. The new ball part of the thighbone is then inserted into the socket part of the hip. The doctor then reattaches the muscles and closes the incision.
Minimally invasive Technique:
Currently, a majority of the hip replacement surgeries are performed using the standard technique. In recent times, some doctors have started using a minimally-invasive technique. In the minimally-invasive approach, doctors make one to two cuts from 2 to 5 inches long.
A similar procedure is performed through these small cuts as with standard hip replacement surgery.The small cuts are thought to lessen blood loss, ease pain following surgery, shorten hospital stays, reduce scar appearance, and speed healing.
TOSH(Trauma & Orthopaedic Speciality Hospital), with the best hip surgeons in Chennai, have performed several Hip Replacement Surgery in Chennai. They also provide the best Avascular Necrosis Treatment & Hip arthroscopy in Chennai.