Childhood is a period of unmatched vigour and energy. So is it a period ofconstant falls and injuries. Paediatric orthopaedics is a branch of medical science dealing with the orthopaedic issues that can occur inchildren due to injury or disabilities present at birth.
The functional area of paediatric orthopaedics deals with the treatmentof musculoskeletal system of a child encompassing bone, muscle andjoint issues. The treatment procedures are associated with a certaindegree of complexity, not present in treatment of adults.
Thisis because, in children the musculoskeletal system is at a constant growth. The reactions of their bodies towards injuries and treatment procedures are unlike that of adults. Every corrective procedure needs a great degree of precision in order to avoid everlasting complications.
Paediatric orthopaedics mainly addresses the following conditions in children.
Falls and associated injuries are an integral part of childhood. However, when the injuries are grave enough to cause a fracture, a paediatric orthopaedic surgeon needs to be relied upon. Fractures in children, unlike adults have the capability to heal faster and hence can be corrected with casting. However, in cases when that alone does not suffice the issue, surgical procedures are relied upon.
Thetreatment procedures for fractures include plaster, Pinhole surgery, TENS, manipulation with plaster and anaesthesia, plating and so on.
This issue occurs at the birth or sometime during childhood and is characterised by misshaped foot with the ankle turned inwards. The condition might affect the capability to walk normally. Casting and surgical treatments can be used to overcome the issue.
Acondition characterised by abnormalities in brain development andcentral nervous system, cerebral palsy can cause movement disorders. Paediatric orthopaedics helps in overcoming the issues to some extent with different treatment techniques.
Congenital Hip Dislocation
Thecondition also called developmental dysplasia is characterised by adislocation of hips in some new born. They are treated with surgicalor non-surgical methods based on the intensity of the condition and age of the child.
Other conditions like scoliosis are treatable with paediatric orthopaedicsas well.
TOSH Trauma and Orthopaedic Hospital, Chennai offers comprehensive treatment options for orthopaedic conditions and injuries on par withinternational standards.
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