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SPINAL FUSION

SPINAL FUSION


Spinal fusion (spondylodesis or spondylosyndesis) is the surgical method of joining two or more verebrae. It is done most commonly in the lumbar region of the spine, but it is also used to treat cervical and thoracic problems. In this procedure, the damaged and painful vertebrae are fused into a solid stable bone. Fusion of the spine is used primarily to eliminate the pain caused by abnormal motion of the vertebrae by immobilizing the faulty vertebrae themselves, which is usually caused by degenerative conditions. However, spinal fusion is also the preferred way to treat most spinal deformities, specifically scoliosis and kyphosis. But, the results may vary according to the individual. Some may not feel any improvement in their back pain even after the surgery.

Your doctor will decide whether you need the surgery after conducting a few tests. It may include imaging tests such as X-rays, MRIs and CTs.

Types:

  • Anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF)- the disc is accessed from an anterior abdominal incision
  • Posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) – the disc is accessed from a posterior incision
  • Transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) – the disc is accessed from a posterior incision on one side of the spine
  • Transpsoas interbody fusion (DLIF or XLIF) – the disc is accessed from an incision through the psoas muscle on one side of the spine

Surgery

In this procedure, the vertebrae that need to be fused are exposed by the desired approach; the intervertebral gaps are fitted with a cage and filled with bone graft which enables fusion of the bones.

Post-surgery

The patient may have to stay in the hospital for two to four days. During the first few weeks after the surgery, the doctor may suggest basic exercises such as routine walking with protective brace and stretching exercises. The patient will also be suggested to avoid hyperextension activities. Recovery may take weeks to months. Some of the studies say that the spinal fusion surgery may not completely relieve the pain.


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    Contact

    TOSH(Trauma & Orthopaedic Speciality Hospital)
    #72, Ormes Road,
    Kilpauk, Chennai
    India
    Pin: 600010.
    Email: toshenquiry@gmail.com

    For Appointments:

    +91-44 4903 4903
    +91 9894467903
    Email: toshenquiry@gmail.com